The use of coal and biomass for household heating and cooking is recognised to be a major threat to people’s lives across the world. A process has been developed that can transform waste ultrafine coal into a valuable low-smoke fuel which could be supplied to the domestic market at a price similar to that of coal. This fuel could help reduce the amount of localised air pollution in households and particularly in black townships. Advantages • Mitigates effects of negative air pollution • Earning foreign revenue, through exporting displaced coal consumption from household market Market Application Energy sector and other natural resources industries. Opportunities • Investment • Partnership • Distribution Development Status TRL 4: lab demonstration. IP Protection A substantial number of patent applications have been filed and granted in relation to the energy process including production of algae. Please click here to download the information on this page. For more information, please contact the Nelson Mandela University Innovation Office: ✉ ☎ +27(0) 41 504 4309